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题型:阅读理解 难度:一般

There have been many great inventions that change the way we live.The first great(1)_____ was one that is still very important today﹣the wheel.This made it easy for man(2)_____ heavy things and to travel long distances.For hundreds of years after that,there were(3)_____ inventions that had as much effect as the wheel.Then in the early 1800's the world started to change(4)_____.There was little unknown land left in the world.People did not have to explore much any more.In the second half of the 19th century many great inventions were made.(5)_____ them were the camera,the electric light and the radio.These have all become a big part of our life today.The first part of the 20th century saw more great inventions.The helicopter in 1909.Movies(6)_____ sound in 1926.The computer in 1928.And jet planes in 1930.This was also a time when a new(7)_____ was first made.Nylon came out in 1935.It changed the kind of clothes people wear.Of course new inventions continued to be made.Man began looking(8)_____ ways to go into space.Russia made the first step.Then the United States took another.Since then other countries,including China and Japan,(9)_____ their steps into space.In 1969man took his biggest step away from earth.(10)_____ first walked on the moon.This was certainly just a beginning.New inventions will someday allow us to do things we have never yet dreamed of.

【1】A. scientist   B. artist   C. musician   D. invention

【2】A. carry   B. carrying   C. to carry   D. carried

【3】A. few   B. a few   C. little   D. a little

【4】A. largely   B. differently   C. greatly   D. freely

【5】A. Between   B. Among   C. Before   D. After

【6】A. in   B. of   C. on   D. with

【7】A. mistake   B. product   C. world   D. material

【8】A. for   B. out   C. after   D. around

【9】A. made   B. were made   C. have made   D. hade made

【10】A. Chinese   B. Japanese   C. Americans   D. Russians

【考点】
【答案】

【1】D

【2】C

【3】A

【4】C

【5】B

【6】D

【7】D

【8】A

【9】C

【10】C

【解析】

这篇短文主要介绍了创造发明对我们生活的影响.作者按照时间顺序对人类的重大发明做了简单介绍,并告诉我们人类创造发明的脚步远未停止.

【1】句意“第一个伟大的发明在当今世界也非常重要——车轮”。A.scientist科学家 B.artist艺术家 C.musician音乐家 D.invention发明。根据前文There have been many great inventions that change the way we live可知,指的是发明,故选D.

【2】句意“对于人们来说,这使得搬运重的东西以及长途旅行变得容易”。根据This made it easy for man,可知it作形式宾语,真正的宾语是动词不定式,主语+made it+形容词 to do sth使做某事是…的,故选C.

【3】句意“百年来几乎没有什么发明和轮子有一样影响的发明物”。A.few几乎没有,修饰可数名词,表示否定; B.a few一些,修饰可数名词,表示肯定; C.little几乎没有,修饰不可数名词,表示否定; D.a little有一些,修饰不可数名词,表示肯定。根据 inventions that  had as much effect as the wheel.推出此处是指"四百年来没有什么发明能有轮子这样的效果",此处表示否定,并且修饰可数名词inventions,故选A.

【4】句意“19世界早期,世界发生了巨大的改变”。A.largely主要地; B.differently不同地;C.greatly大大地;D.freely自由地。根据句意,故选C.

【5】句意“这些发明中,有照相机、电灯和收音机”。A.Between两者之间 B.Among在…中(两者以上) C.Before在…之前 D.After在…之后,根据前文 many great inventions,可知此处是指在很多发明之间,用among,故选B.

【6】句意“1926年,发明有声电影”A.in在里面 B.of…的 C.on在上面 D.with和…一起,根据题干Movies____ sound in 1926,可知是指有声电影的发明,with表示伴随,故选D.

【7】句意“这也是新的材料发明的时期”。A.mistake错误 B.product产品 C.world世界 D.material材料,根据Nylon came out in 1935可知说的是尼龙这种新型材料的诞生,故选D.

【8】句意“人们开始寻找进入太空的方法”。look for寻找。根据ways to go into space,故选A.

【9】句意“从那时起,包括中国和日本等其他的一些国家开始向太空迈进”。A.made制造,过去式 B.were made被动语态 C.have made现在完成时 D.hade made过去完成时,根据Since then,可知这是现在完成时的标志,其结构为have/has+过去分词,故选C.

【10】句意“美国人是最先登录月球”。A.Chinese中国人 B.Japanese日本人 C.Americans美国人 D.Russians俄罗斯人,根据常识,故选C.

题型:阅读理解 难度:一般
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